Causes of Lymphoma

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The cause of lymphoma is often a random event. However there are certain conditions that can increase the risk to develop lymphoma. 

Risk factors for NHL include some chemicals used in agriculture, nuclear radiation exposure, immune deficiency, autoimmune disease, and certain viral and bacterial infections such as Helicobacter or Epstein Barr Virus infections. 

Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus infection), and age, typically people in their 20s, and people over the age of 55 years.