Causes of Head and Neck Cancer

Print
Press Enter to show all options, press Tab go to next option

The main risk of developing head and neck squamous cell cancer include:

  • Smoking
  • alcohol consumption

Among never-smokers or light smokers, viral infections including human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection are common. HPV- related head and neck cancers often arise in the oropharyngeal area, whereas EBV-related head and neck cancers commonly arise  in the nasopharynx