Staging of Bladder Cancer

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The standard staging system that is being used is the TNM system that ultimately leads to a stage level of 1 being the eary stage , up to 4 that is the most advanced metastatic setting. Based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM stands for T for tumor, N for nodes and M for metastasis. Specifically T describes the size of the original tumor and whether it has grown through the bladder wall or invades nearby tissues, N indicates whether the tumor has spread to the local or distant nodes while M indicates whether the cancer had metastasized. Depending on the final staging the treatment is being accordingly directed.